The information below was taken from the Texas A&M Agrilife Extension website. I have grown a variety of vegetables in containers for about the past 18 years, and it's by far easier than tilling the soil and weeding a large area. Space was never my issue, but I did like the fact that I could move the plants around, so if it seemed that particular ones were getting more than their fair share of sunlight, I could transport them to a shadier spot in my yard...and vice versa.
If your vegetable gardening is limited by insufficient space or an unsuitable area, consider raising fresh, nutritious, homegrownvegetables in containers. A window sill, a patio, a balcony or a doorstep will provide sufficient space for a productive mini-garden. Problems with soilborne diseases, nematodes or poor soil conditions can be easily overcome by switching to a container garden. Ready access to containers means that pest management is easier. Container vegetable gardening is a sure way to introduce children to the joys and rewards of vegetable gardening.
Almostany vegetablethat will grow in a typical backyard garden will also do well as a container-grown plant. Vegetables that are ideally suited for growing in containers include tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, green onions, beans, lettuce, squash, radishes and parsley. Pole beans and cucumbers also do well in this type of garden, but they do require considerably more space because of their vining growth habit.
Variety selection is extremely important. Most varieties that will do well when planted in a yard garden will also do well in containers. Some varieties of selected vegetables which are ideally suited for these mini-gardens are indicated below.
Suggested Container Grown Vegetables
*Name (Container Size, Number of Plants) –Varieties